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Coyote  (Canis latrans), also American jackal, prairie wolf. Species of canine found throughout North and Central America. Grow to 30-34 in. (76-86cm) long, not counting tail of 12-16 in. (30-41cm), stand about 23-26 in. (58-66cm) at shoulder and, on average, weigh 15-46 lb. (7-21kg). Opportunistic, versatile carnivores. Name coyote borrowed from Mexican Spanish, ultimately derived from the Nahuatl word cóyotl. Its scientific name, Canis latrans, means "barking dog" in Latin. Death Valley National Park, CA.